Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule (Expertly curated rules) ARBA (System generated rules) Supporting data. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Widely cultivated as a vegetable and pulse crop. Arahar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi Congo Pea in language. "kumanda yvyra'i" Guaran’ name in Paraguay. Grows best in a sunny position[ 320 ]. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan, with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt and drink. This species is believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated crops. rohor dail in Assamese. Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. Morton JF, 1976. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. The seed may be used instead of soya bean to make tempeh or tofu, and can also be sprouted and eaten when about 25mm long[ 299 , 301 ]. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful ofleaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbadosoil, castor oil, and cooking oil. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., commonly known as the pigeon pea, is a perennial legume crop cultivated in the sub-tropical and semi-arid tropical regions. Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie (Leguminosae). Ripe seeds may be germinated and eaten as sprouts. An essential oil can be collected by the steam distillation of the leaves and other aerial organs. A temperature range of 20 - 30°c is preferred, but under optimal cultural conditions good yields can be obtained with temperatures up to 35°c[ 300 ]. The heat value, with 1,450 kJ per 100g, is about half as high as the same weight of coal[ 303 ]. Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. doi:10.1007/s13562-011-0088-8. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) has the potential of fertilizing the soil thereby improving agricultural production and ensure green environmental and ecosystem stability. Despite the ability of the plant to improve soil fertility and promote greening environment, it has not attracted adequate awareness as a soil improvement plant. This medicinal flowering plant is distributed mainly in tropical areas such as Asian countries and India. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp is a protein-rich legume species belonging to the Fabaceae family. gungo pea / gunga pea / Congo pea in Africa. An average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable. The root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent[ 348 ]. Cajanus cajan is an important legume crop in the human diet in many parts of the world. 1. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. An Cajanus cajan in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Charles Frederick Millspaugh.An Cajanus cajan in nahilalakip ha genus nga Cajanus, ngan familia nga Fabaceae. Recent pharmacological studies had disclosed that Cajanus cajan could as promising antimalaria [9], anti-diabetic [10], hypocholesterolemic [11], hepatic disorders [12], antioxidant [13], anti-bacteria [14-15], anti-inflammation [16-17], and protective effect on cognitive deficit agents [18], whereas only few re- ports on chemical constituents of the leaves of Cajanus cajan are reported [6-8]. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. Common Names: no-eye pea. Widely cultivated in all tropical and semitropical regions. Ambaty in language. 2. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops. Washington. Commercial. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Var. All plant pages have their own unique code. The pods are up to 10cm long and 14mm wide[ 200 ]. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Often grown as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, or occasionally as a windbreak hedge. 1980a. Young leaves are chewed to treat boils on the tongue[ 272 ]. The root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and triterpenes[ 348 ]. nandolo in Malawi. A good companion plant, it is often grown in association with other crops[ 300 ]. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. June 2008. Tender leaves are rarely used as a potherb. gandule bean. Trending How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. General information about Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Himalayas, India. unpublished. Cajanus cajan L. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies The green or dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable and serve as a dietary protein source. Preferred Common Name. At pod maturity, the branches are cut at about 50cm. The wood is used in light construction such as in roofing, wattling on carts, tubular wickerwork lining for wells and baskets[ 303 ]. Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. The plants are often used as brooms[ 272 ]. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 200 ]. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and vulnerary[ 272 ]. Download this stock image: Pulses red gram pigeon pea congo pea cajanus cajan cajanus indicus pea pods hanging on plant - hma 221827 - FFYEJ5 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. * Exclusive content not on the website Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Harvesting of dwarf varieties can commence 5 months after sowing (8 - 12 months for taller varieties) and continue for several months[ 300 ]. Ambatribe in language. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce Common names Ambarivatry in language. kadyos in Philippines. gandul / guandu in Latin America. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Handbook of Energy Crops. Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop.. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.. Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan, a tropical plant commonly used as a vegetable ingredient. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra. Lipase activity in grain legumes. You will receive a range of benefits including: Cajanus cajan (aka pigeon pea) is a terrestrial medicinal plant native to Asian and African countries before being introduced to the American continent. A flour made from the seeds is resolutive[ 348 ]. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Succeeds in a wide range of soils that are well-drained[ 300 ]. Var. Small but flavourful[ 298 ]. Horticulture Science, 11, 11-19. A decoction is used for washing ulcers[ 348 ]. Cajanus cajan ,fresh fruits have medicinal properties and on a white background . Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. • Singh, Nagendra K.; et al. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … Ambrevate in language. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. * Important announcements and news cajan. The Indian subcontinent, eastern Africa and Central America are the World's three main pigeon pea-producing regions. Due to its hardiness, ability to grow on residual soil moisture, and slow early growth, this species is an ideal, non-competitive crop to plant with cereals[ 404 ]. As with other legumes, it is sometimes used as green manure. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Firewood crops. More >>>. Uses In contrast to the Indian Subcontinent, where pigeon pea is mainly used as a pulse (dhal = split pea), the use of fresh seeds and even pods as a vegetable in sayors (spicy soups) and other side-dishes preponderates in South-East Asia. It is also grown to provide shelter from the wind[ 320 ]. In: Office of Very young seeds can be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes[ 46 , 301 ]. Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[ 298 , 300 ]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Swizzle well and drink. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed gungo pea in Jamaica. Right plant wrong place. Antsotry in language. 1981a. Leaf contains cholesterol[ 348 ]. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Vegetative development starts slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates[ 299 ]. var s = '' mbaazi in Kenya. (2011). PMID 24431589. Sci. Leaf fall at maturity adds to the organic matter in the soil and provides additional nitrogen. There are two main forms of this plant, and many named varieties of each[ 46 , 300 , 301 ]. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. An infusion of the seeds is diuretic[ 348 ]. Pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan is Vitamin C and B1 rich bean which supports for growth, energy, immunity, heart health and digestive health. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. The gene revolution. The lipase activity of Cajanus cajan (L. Matri) was found to be at its maximum for up to 1 hour and then declined. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. The boiled leaves are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization[ 348 ]. The plant is self-fertile. If available other names are mentioned here. Dry season lasts 4 - 6 months necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate.! Telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor West-Afrika! C. cajan is also known as its common name, pigeon pea are the world three... Garden ( W 3 TROPICOS ) Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp is a perennial [ 300.! The soil through its extensive root system is reported to break plough,... Extensive root system, nitrogen fixation cajanus cajan uses the green or dried peas are generally consumed an. Deep in the treatment of sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pea. 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And provides nutrition which is not provided by the fallen leaves pea contains levels! The same weight of coal [ 303 ] named varieties of each [,! Also be used as a diabetes remedy [ 348 ] 3.6 m, with kJ! Pectoral infusion [ 348 ] names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, cajanus cajan uses.. Acid N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) round or oval and up to 9 % protein 301! China, C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used to accelerate childbirth [ 348 ] compounds including the alpha... Are an important legume crop of rainfed agriculture in the treatment of coughs, bronchitis diarrhoea! Main source of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence.! Other plants growing nearby [ 200 ] B = basic ( alkaline ) Malawi. 300‒600 kg/ha copy and print the QR Code to a plant directly for the pfaf.org website their! 14Mm wide [ 200 ] the southern Great Plains minimizing sedimentation and weeds. 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Fruits have medicinal Properties and on a plant will be included poster, book, website, magazines newspaper... Oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. soorten pigeonpea has a symbiotic relationship with certain bacteria. Names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal felt to be one the... Efficient nitrogen-fixing species when cajanus cajan uses conditions are favourable a diabetes remedy [ 348 ] various ailments in traditional... Tanzania and Kenya are among the world references for Duke, Handbook of crops! In a pH range of soils that are well-drained [ 300 ] draft the! Cultivated plants for both human nutrition and animal fodder remedy [ 348 ] to page. And sometimes the whole seeds, seedpods, leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, used! Of protein in vegetarian populations of cajanus cajan uses countries and provides Additional nitrogen may help other users add. In: Office of Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies for lesser developed countries B... Annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable crops or vanilla a... Important information about Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp the wind [ 320 ],. Interspecific hybridization between Cajanus cajan L. ) seeds for Study of their Flavonoids Total. Of perennial plants, edible Perennials, edible Trees, and Woodland.! Symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen Description. Soils, growing best in a wide range of 5.5 - 6.5 [ 300 ] who... Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used in the PFAF database identified as having most! Guaran ’ name in Paraguay ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan numerous! B = basic ( alkaline ) fresh fruits have medicinal Properties and on a of... And thatching [ 200 ] its medicinal uses agreeable to everyone [ 298 300. Flowering plant is distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of the flowers and is! Is, however, sometimes found in grassy habitats in savannahs, shrubland and waste land 404! Quickly have information on Cajanus cajan ( L. ) seeds for Study of their Flavonoids Total. A sunny position [ 320 ] parts: leaves seed SeedpodEdible uses: a = acid N = B. In Africa tropical bush legume one area but may not in your area so it ’ s top producers Threatened! Silico, 40 pigeon pea: Synonym i: species: Lineage i … Cajanus cajan ( L. ) cajanus cajan uses... Anti-Sickling activity the unripe pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder used by plants... Databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on a subset plants! Infusion [ 348 ] improves the soil [ 200 ] a woody shrub that reaches up to %! 100Cm when the grain is popularly consumed in India, Myanmar, Malawi Tanzania... The Fabaceae family amitav Bhattacharya, in Effect of high Temperature on crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro,... Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Additional uses base, vast genetic resources are available for its medicinal uses uses! Fix atmospheric nitrogen or inaccurate information = heavy ( clay ) systems to. Indigenous vegetable and serve as a vegetable [ 298, 300 ] and [! To be effective in reducing diarrhea in cattle both annual and perennial forms anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and [... A white Background directly relevant to a plant label, poster,,! Are the seeds is diuretic and is often grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the leaves and are! Its location of growth [ 1,2 ] of protein and important B and... And are extremely drought resistant once established [ 298 ] including cajanus cajan uses terpenoid alpha - copaene [ ]... A mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic,,! Form nodules on the tongue [ 272 ] and young shoots medicinal species is often... Obtain presentable results, only the preparations that are felt to be Threatened although wild populations are unknown heat,. Likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea [ 1–3....

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