For a more detailed explanation of how lentils are produced, watch this video. Lentils are commonly used as dry beans or peas. More than 85% of Canada’s pulse production is exported to feed the world. To reduce shatter, cut under conditions of high humidity. The use of a desiccant will usually eliminate the need for swathing, thus avoiding potential problems with wind blown swaths, rain-soaked swaths and pick-up losses. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Video. Harvesting Lentils: Check all over the patch of lentils and remove the plants at the soil when the bottom part of the pods start sounding shaky when they are rattled. Harvest lentils when the plant begin to turn yellow and the pods become brown. Swaths can be susceptible to wind movement (especially if cut later than the recommended stage), however, rolling swaths may result in greater seed shattering in the swath. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. If the swath is subjected to heavy and/or prolonged rain, quality loss can be high due to sprouting, wrinkling and disease build-up compared to a standing crop. All varieties are harvested in August and September. % of people told us that this article helped them. While green lentil is considered dry and safe to store at 14% seed moisture and red lentil at 13%, it should only be threshed at 14% by producers who do not have drying or aeration equipment available (threshing at 14% moisture will result in higher shatter losses and quality losses from seed damage). Other considerations may include weather patterns, and marketing considerations (for human consumption, livestock feed or seed). As a food crop, the majority of world production comes from Canada and India, producing 58% combined of the world total. Acceptable seed moisture for threshing can range from 16% to 20%, provided adequate drying or aeration facilities are available. There are numerous products registered for use as desiccants in lentils. Use the materials below to showcase lentils this month. When you pour the lentils into the bucket, chaff blows away in the wind while the heavier lentils remain in the buckets. The decision to work straw back into the soil or bale and feed it is entirely up to each individual operation. With consideration given to seeding, rolling and management of weeds, harvest can be a simple operation given the right equipment. Lentil plants can be ready slightly earlier to thresh in 4 to 7 days, if hot, dry, sunny weather follows (although the time period is more commonly 7 to 10 days). References. Swathing will hasten drydown and prevent shattering. Under good drying conditions, the quality of the swathed seed is usually better than if chemically desiccated, especially for green varieties. Stir in broth and lentils. Seeds from bottom third of plant are tan-brown, hard, and pods rattle when shaken. Because of these benefits, it is recommended that lentil straw remain on the field and not be baled off for feed purposes. Swath rolling may be necessary to protect the swath from wind damage if the swather lays a dense narrow swath. On average, you can expect to get about. Just remember that lentils must be dried on the plant to be harvested. Swathing is generally not a recommended practice as swaths are vulnerable to blowing and have an increased risk of reduction in quality of the harvested crop. Monitoring fields means checking plants in numerous locations for uniformity of stages of maturity. Straw that is slightly green or tough will remain almost whole going through the combine. Lentils are a short plant with good standability. Assessing seed maturation in an indeterminate crop like lentil is challenging. It’s important to recognize lentil straw’s worth and not undervalue it. This variability may be a reflection of soil fertility, moisture and environmental (growing) conditions. This article has been viewed 20,859 times. Lentils can be cut and swathed into windrows approximately one week before harvesting to dry down the weeds. Sprouting is quite swift, since it takes place about 10 days after sowing. You need quite a few lentil plants to get a large harvest. Spray only as many acres at one time as can be combined in two or three days after drydown. Sometimes smaller than the tip of a pencil eraser, lentils can be round, oval, or heart-shaped disks. Lentils are actually seeds that grow two to a pod and are dried after harvesting. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Harvest them 80 to 100 days after planting. Rinse under cold water. Dried lentils are ready for harvest 110 days after sowing. Special thanks to Saskatchewan Pulse Growers and Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers. Collect green pods within 70 to 80 days of planting to eat like them snap beans. Under good drying conditions, the quality of the swathed seed is usually better than if chemically desiccated, especially for green varieties. Swathed green weeds are unlikely to dry sufficiently in a few days, so combining will be delayed. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Grain and return elevator chains should be adjusted correctly to avoid splitting or cracking seed: fan speed should be increased only to the point where an acceptable clean sample is produced; excessive fan speed will blow lentil seed out the back of a combine. Pick-up reels should be adjusted ahead of the cutter bar and run at ground speed. Certain crop protection products can restrict the marketing options for your pulse crop. This article has been viewed 20,859 times. Grades will be lowered because of earth tag (see Grading Section). Improved soil structure, tilth and recycled nitrogen for succeeding crops are all benefits of lentil straw incorporation. Then, break open the pods to remove the seeds from the interior. Wet swaths can flatten out, making them harder to pick up (the use of swath turners or side-delivery rakes is not recommended due to excessive shatter losses). This works well if you want to speed up the drying process without the use of chemical desiccants. Applying pre-harvest weed control or desiccation product at the incorrect stage can result in elevated residue levels, poor seed quality, and can adversely impact the marketability of your lentils. Despite the problems in the Terai, the study found that more rain was good for lentil crops in the hills where drainage of water is easier. 2. Use proper rates, high water volume and spray at the correct crop stage. Remove discolored, shriveled lentils and any foreign material. Should circumstances lead to the need to swath consider the following. Most fields will not be 100% uniform in topography – there could be greener conditions in lower, wetter areas and further advanced plants on higher areas. The actual process of how to harvest lentils is quite simple. This is also a good idea if the weather is very windy. It takes 80-110 days to harvest lentils as a dried plant, though a few varieties take up to 130 days. The lentils are then harvested in their dry form typically in mid-August. Keep it Clean Pulse Maximum Residue Limits Advisory, Agriculture Labs For Seed, Soil, Plant and Disease Diagnostics, Lentil Reproductive and Maturity Staging Guide, Managing Harvest Losses in Pulses and Soybeans, Keeping it Clean, Maximum Residue Limits Advisory. In most areas, this will be in July or August. Always read the label see how long you need to give the plants, and follow all instructions as you use the product. Always speak with your input supplier and refer to the “Keeping it Clean” resource. Dirt in the swath can result in earth tag and can result in downgrading. The decision to start the harvest process will depend on three factors: crop maturity (stage of uniformity – how variable is the crop’s maturity?). Heat olive oil in a 6 or 8-quart pot. How to Harvest Lentils 1. Wait until July or August to harvest. After harvesting the plants, beat them by stick to thresh, or use machine for commercial production. Rinse well. If you can't go outside, stand in front of a fan on a low setting. "Eating at Persian place, and wondered how lentils grow. Seeds should be shelled from the pods and the representative seed sample assessed. The crop is ready for desiccation or swathing when the bottom third of the pods are yellow to brown, and seeds inside the pods rattle when shaken; upper pods will still be green but should be filled. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 20,859 times. If you intend to use them like peas, they should be ready after 70 – 80 days. 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