Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper Your name PSY/360 Cognitive Psychology August 4, 2014 Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper Cognitive Psychology can be defined as the mental process by which a subject will learn, perceive and think. ... Market psychology is the prevailing sentiment of investors at any given time. our level of awareness about ourselves and our environment, conscious, nonconscious, preconscious, subconscious, unconscious, information about oneself and his or her environment he or she is currently aware of, body processes controlled by our minds that we are not usually (or ever) aware of, information about ourselves or our environment that we are not currently thinking about, but could be, information that we are not consciously aware of but we know must exist due to behavior, feelings are unacceptable to our conscious mind and are repressed into this level, a state of consciousness because we are less aware of ourselves and our environment than when we are in our normal awake state, during a 24-hour day, our metabolic and thought processes follow a certain pattern, period of falling asleep; stage between wakefulness and sleep; drowsy but awake; alpha waves, waves produced while we are awake and in stages 1 and 2 of the sleep cycle, brain waves appear as active and intense as they do when we are awake; stage of sleep when dreams usually occur; derivation interferes with memory; also called paradoxical sleep, insomnia, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, night terrors, most common sleep disorder characterized by persistent problems getting to sleep or staying asleep at night, sleeping disorder involving periods of intense sleepiness in which one may fall asleep at unpredictable and inappropriate times, almost as common as insomnia; causes a person to stop breathing for short periods of time during the night, leading them to wake up slightly and gasp for hair; possible interference with attention and memory, most are not recalled; sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and apparent terror, series of storylike images we experience as we sleep, method to uncover the repressed information in the unconscious mind; dreams were wish fulfilling; in our dreams we act out our unconscious desires, unconscious meaning of the manifest content, our ego protects us from the material in the conscious mind, proposes that perhaps dreams are nothing more than the brain's interpretations of what is happening physiologically during REM sleep, dreams have no more meaning that any other physiological reflex in our body, stress during the day will increase the number and intensity of dreams during the night; dream content relate somehow to daily concerns, a condition in which people appear to be highly suggestible and to behave as if they are in a trance, people report forgetting events that occurred while they were hypnotized, a suggestion that a hypothesized person behave in a certain way after he or she is brought out of hypnosis, states that hypnosis is not an alternate state of consciousness at all; some people are more easily hypnotized than others (hypnotic suggestibility), points out that hypnosis meets some parts of the definition for an altered state of consciousness, hypnosis causes us to divide our consciousness voluntarily; one part or level responds to the suggestions of the hypnotist while another part or level retains awareness of reality, chemicals that change the chemistry of the brain (and the rest of the body) and induce an altered state of consciousness, drugs that block neurotransmitters from using a receptor site, a physiological change that produces a need for more of the same drug in order to achieve the same effect, negative feelings or symptoms experienced by someone if they are taken away from a certain drug, speed up body processes and give a sense of euphoria, caffeine, cocaine, amphetamines, and nicotine, slow down the same body systems that stimulants speed up, alcohol, barbituarates, tranquilizers, and antianxiety drugs, do not necessarily speed up or slow down the body; cause changes in perceptions of reality including sensory hallucinations, loss of identity, and vivid fantasies; also called psychedelics, LSD, peyote, psilocybin and mushrooms, and marijuana, powerful painkillers and mood elevators; cause drowsiness and a euphoria associated with elevated endorphin levels, some of the most physically addictive drugs because they rapidly change brain chemistry and create tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. In terms of the study of behaviour: The most modern and widely accepted definition of psychology even today, is the study of behaviour, both humans and animals. Understanding the human mind is at the core of psychoanalytic theory. Carl Jung himself said once that the collective unconscious theory is one of those ideas that is so transcendent and important it seems almost absurd. Learn more about the development and characteristics of humanistic psychology in this article. hormone secreted by the pineal gland in brain; biochemical processes that replenish themselves; body ___ from the day; plays role in growth process, highly adaptive for ancestors; quiet and still during the night helped avoid danger & predators, protective method of ____ bc we burn fewer calories while sleeping, storing and rebuilding memories; boosts creative thinking & insight due to enough rest, assessed by EEG; mammals; cycles about every 90 minutes, (NREM): theta waves, lightly asleep; transitioning, (NREM): spindles appear, rapid brain wave activity, (NREM): delta waves, large slow waves continue into stage 4; completely asleep, (NREM): deepest sleep; difficult to awaken; sleep disorders; decreases toward morning, most dreaming; basically paralyzed from voluntary movement; increases toward morning, (most pop) dream theory; brain's attempt to make sense of random neuron firing; dreams have no meaning, (information/cognitive pro.) 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