Hebrews 4:1. , “let us then fear,” the writer speaks in the name of the living generation, “lest haply, there being left behind and still remaining a promise to enter [ ; cf. Hebrews 4:1. It was a 40-year-old bridge, and quite obviously there were hidden weaknesses that went undetected until it was too late. The thread which unifies chapter 1 is that the Son is superior to the angels. Hebrews 4:1-11. or with some other particular blessing in the future. Apparently some of the original readers had doubts because the Lord had not yet returned. The present tense would suggest a present experience for him and his readers. Some people interpret this verse to mean that the readers should fear that they would not go to heaven if they proved unfaithful. None of the original readers had failed to enter their rest (inheritance) because they had missed the Lord"s return. New Living Translation. Hebrews 4:1-13 Enter God's Rest . He knows that Jesus Christ his great High Priest has done and will do all that is required for his salvation (Hebrews 4:14-16 in the light of what follows in the letter). They apostatized, God disciplined them, they repented, and then they experienced rest until they (usually the next generation) apostatized again. The problem with the latter is that it is suggested that Israel did not enter into ‘rest’ (Hebrews 4:5), which would then exclude them all from an afterlife, which was almost certainly not so, (although this may be explained on the basis of a mixed metaphor). Hebrews 4:12. Of these words there are three linguistically possible translations. Let us, therefore, fear, &c. St. Paul continues his exhortation to them, not to be like the incredulous Jews, and so to be excluded from the place of eternal rest. âSeemâ is considered by some to be pleonastic. Hebrews 4:1-3 New King James Version (NKJV) The Promise of Rest. 5) He who is entered into His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His. Chapter 3 used the example of Israel's failure in the desert. Let us therefore fear - not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" (Philippians 2:12). 3. "To equate the inheritance [only] with heaven [cf. Losing part of one"s inheritance probably involves losing the privilege of reigning with Christ in a position of significant responsibility in the future, at least (cf. For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. Exhortation to the readers, deduced from the historic fact, Hebrews 3:15-19, and softened by the form of community with the readers adopted by the author, which, however, is involuntarily abandoned again at the close of the verse. Should seem to come short of it, [ hustereekenai (Greek #5302)] - 'to be come too late, when the "today" is gone (Hebrews 12:15; Luke 13:25): 'to have come short of it.' This second warning is the longest of the five and runs from 3:1 thru 4:16. have hoped for it may come short of it, or at least seem to do Thus there was a once-for-all entering into rest by coming to Christ in faith and trust, followed by a continuing entering into rest by walking with God. Faith in the hearer is the life of the word. The slothful servant feared his master, because he viewed him as an austere man. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. or with our "heavenly husband" [Note: Bruce, p, 78.] Let us therefore fear. Such language is often used in argument or in conversation as a “modest” expression, as when we say a thing “seems” to be so and so, instead of saying “it is.” In some such sense Paul probably used the phrase here - perhaps as expressing what we would by this language - “lest it should appear at last that any of you had come short of it.” The phrase “come short of it” is probably used with reference to the journey to the promised land, where they who came out of Egypt “came short” of that land, and fell in the wilderness. 2) It is like the rest of God on the seventh day on His ceasing His ‘works’ of creation (Hebrews 4:4), a ‘sabbath-rest’, a resting on the seventh day with all ‘works’ completed (Hebrews 4:9). Summing up these seven points might suggest that the rest is that of the one who truly puts his trust in Christ and His saving work, becoming one with Him and partaking of Him and His sacrifice on his behalf; who ceases from all attempts at his own ‘saving’ but ‘dead’ works because all is completed; who is believing and obedient and rests in God’s faithfulness; who responds to the Good News that that rest is available; and who ceases from his own works because nothing remains to be done, all having been done by His great High Priest. Promise. by an entering into it: and there is a promise of this, which is The differentiation between the spiritual motivations of God's intent and the psychological motivations of a fleshly desire to seek "a logical alternative to faith" can be very difficult to discern. This rest is a finished work God has completed (4-5) IV. Hence the seem, or appear, is not a false seeming, but an appearance of a dread reality to the eye of God and in the light of the final judgment. Outline: I. conversations, that they might not seem to come short; and this For those who do not believe do not enter it (Hebrews 4:3). Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. English Standard Version. Although they had received God’s conditional promise Israel did not enter into their rest because of unbelief (Hebrews 3:19), and we are to take note of the lesson. However, some see it as a futuristic present and refer the ‘rest’ to the afterlife. While I no longer see Hebrews 4:8-10 as a proof text for the Sabbath, the message of Hebrews 4 has become laden with a deeper meaning for the seventh-day Sabbath. God had to work again there because man had sinned. rest; One There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. Hebrews 4:1-11 has been used, on one hand, to support the observance of the Sabbath commandment by Christians; and on the other hand, as evidence for the rejection of a literal obedience to the commandment. —In view of the fearful examples of apostasy in last chapter. He hopes that none will come short of it. Let us therefore fear. see the Phaedo, p. 95A. [For . By saying Lest we be disappointed of the promise left us, he intimates that no one comes short of it except he who by rejecting grace has first renounced the promise; for God is so far from repenting to do us good that he ceases not to bestow his gifts except when we despise his calling. Hebrews 4:1-16. on StudyLight.org. But if his readers returned to Judaism they would be returning to works, to ‘heavy burdens grievous to be born’ (Matthew 23:4), to ‘works done to be seen of men’ (Matthew 23:5). Likewise the Christian"s response to his tests (whether he will trust and obey God faithfully or depart from God"s will) determines how much rest he or she will enjoy. The verb δοκέω is so no doubt sometimes, but not always; but here appears to have a special meaning, as the Apostle would have no one to present even the appearance of neglecting to secure the rest promised. John Gill's Exposition of the Bible Hebrews 4:1. And all such have boldness and access with confidence into the presence of God through faith in Him (Ephesians 3:12). Our translators have inserted "us" as a supplement, but it seems improper, as will be hereafter noticed. Through following Him they could find forgiveness and acceptability with God. ... with Beza, Calov., al., to mean precedence or dignity; as Hebrews 1:5 shews: whence also we get an easy answer to the enquiry, what name is intended: viz. of Stephens's copies read, lest "any of us"; which seems most In Hebrews 4:1, the author states that the promise of entering God’s rest still stands. 1.Therefore—In view of the fearful examples of apostasy in last chapter. He is burdened for the spiritual well-being of his church. On this the apostolic exhortation is founded; Canaan was a shadow of the better country, and Israel after the flesh, at least that generation, could not enter because they believed not God, nor trusted in His salvation. The Promise of Entering His Rest (Hebrews 4:1-2) Juli Camarin November 20, 2010 Hebrews 4. Your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click.. With a Godly fear to enter ( 2-3 ) III find forgiveness acceptability... 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